Barberry, Berberis canadensis P. Mill., Found in open woodland (dry) and open places, thorny shrub. tear drop leaves, alternate in whorled clusters, fruit round. yellow flowers.  (More)

Food:  Fruit when ripe may be cooked to make jelly.   Juice: Cook fruit and extract juice with a sieve or panty hose, cheesecloth and dilute and sweeten to taste.  Berries may be dried, then pounded to powder or paste and cooked like hot cereal.

Medicine: B. canadensis:  Cherokee remedy was to scrap free bark, place in a gourd with water, drop a hot stone in water, then drink the resultant tea for diarrhea. 

B. vulgaris L.:  Micmac, Mohegan and other tribes used pounded bark on mouth sores and sore gums, sore throat.  Placed in mouth pounded roots induce salivation and reported healing.  Mohegan used decoction of berries for reducing fevers.  Shinnecock used the bitter leaves in decoction as a liver tonic.  Also see: Oregon Grape.