Impatient goat eating his Agave before it can be made into pulque, vino mescal and tequila (save some for the worm).   Agave core, the tender inner leaves of th plant may be cooked and eaten.  Leave waste is gathered concentrated and used as starter material for steroid drugs (hecogenin)..  Roots are used to manufacture soap products (contain saponins).  Coarse fiber of leaves used to make ropes and fiber (sisal from Agave sisalana) (More)
Medicine:  Agave water (juice, sap) is considered anti-inflammatory, diuretic.  Root extraction insecticidal.  Also may raise metabolism and increase perspiration. 

 Every Hispanic worth his salt (and a squirt of lime) grows an Agave on the grounds.  Demand for Tequila has greatly inflated its cost.  Disease is also threatening the crop and urban sprawl in Mexico leaves less land available for cultivation.
Above and left:  Pulque patch!  Agave "leaves" are cut out from center of plant then "water" from the plant weeps into the hole.  Farmer, using hollow calabash with a cow horn snout fused to one end, sucks sap into gourd.  Sap is fermented in bucket for six or seven days and served.  Agave water harvested in this way is used as potable drinking water.  Want to try pulque?  Join CICE!   Estela Roman, host in our Native American Medicine video, runs a language, culture and anthropology school in Cuernavaca, Mexico.  For a nominal fee you are boarded in the home of a wonderful Mexican family.  Then immersed in the Spanish language every morning, followed by sortes to museums, ruins, agave plantations, Native American settlements, wild foods restaurants and much more.